2. The reason why the mukallaf adheres to shar’i rulings.

(Part 4)

2. The reason why the mukallaf[1] adheres to shar’i rulings.

It is from the mercy of Allah (swt) to His servants that He has made the application of shar’i rulings a means to obtain the benefit & welfare of creation in both the dunya and the hereafter. Thus, it is considered that the shar’i rulings are mu’allalah[2]for the welfare of creation as an act of generosity from Allah and as an act of mercy for his servants.

The specific reason behind an action could sometimes be apparent to the mukallaf whereas at times it could be obscure or sometimes unknown to him. [3]

It is important to note however, that it is not befitting for the mukallaf to implement a ruling with the sole intention of attaining a worldly gain from it. Rather it is imperative that he intends by that action to please Allah (swt) and to obtain reward in the hereafter.

Thus if a person intended by an action worldly gains only, he will not deserve any reward in the hereafter[4]as Allah said:

Whoever desires the life of this world and its adornments – We fully repay them for their deeds therein, and they therein will not be deprived. Those are the ones for whom there is not in the Hereafter but the Fire. And lost is what they did therein, and worthless is what they used to do.”(11:15-16).

“Whoever should desire the immediate – We hasten for him from it what We will to whom We intend. Then We have made for him Hell, which he will [enter to] burn, censured and banished.” (17:18).

If a person purely intends by his action worldly gains, he will fall into one of two categories:

  1.       I.     Either the action is a type of worship that can only be considered an act of worship like prayer for example. In this case the action will be invalid and will not be legally recognised.
  2.     II.     Or the action could be considered to be an act of worship or other than that such as providing for one’s family, keeping family ties and leaving prohibited matters. In this case the action will be valid (saheeh) by which the obligation is fulfilled and the sin removed. However he will not deserve the reward for that in the hereafter.

[1] Someone who is legally responsible. (T).

[2] A ruling where its specific reason is intelligible. (T).

[3] Qawaa’id al Ahkaam 1/43

[4] Tayseer al ‘Azeez al Hameed 475, Fath al Majeed 333.

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